Base URI

Sometimes you may put your application at sub folder of a domain, Windwalker provides a uri data help you get base uri.

If our application located at and we open /flower/sakura?foo=bar page, we may use this code to get uri data:

$uri = \Windwalker\Ioc::getUriData();

// Get Base path
echo $uri->current;
echo $uri->full;
echo $uri->path;
echo $uri->root;
echo $uri->host;
echo $uri->route;

We will get:

current  --->
full     --->
path     ---> /sites/windwalker
root     --->
host     --->
route    ---> flower/sakura

These uri data can help us add base path to our uri, so the link will not break if we use relative url.

Add host and base path.

echo $link = $uri->root . '/romeo/and/juliet';

// OR

echo $link = $uri->root() . '/romeo/and/juliet';

The output will be:

Or only add base path by path variable.

echo $uri->path . '/flower/sakura';

// OR

echo $uri->path() . '/flower/sakura';

We'll get a uri start from root, so the relative path will not break.


Use Method Call


Use UriData in View

View has already included uri object as a global variable.

<link href="<?php echo $uri->path; ?>/asset/css/bootstrap.min.css">


<link href="<?php echo $uri->path('asset/css/bootstrap.min.css'); ?>">

The output will be:

<link href="/sites/windwalker/media/css/bootstrap.min.css">

Start with / means this url will based on domain host.

Build Route

Every route in Windwalker has a key, we called it route name or route profile, this name will help us quickly build route.

For example, this is the routing file:

    pattern: /flower/page/(id)-(alias).html
    controller: Flower\Controller\Page

Then we can build this route by CoreRouter::route()

use Windwalker\Core\CoreRouter;

echo CoreRouter::route('flower_page', ['id' => 25, 'alias' => 'foo-bar-baz']);

The output will be:


This is a very useful function that you can change roue name but won't worry of link will be broke.

Build Package Route

If your routes is definded in a package, you must add package alias before route name, and separate by at (@):

use Windwalker\Core\CoreRouter;

CoreRouter::route('flower@sakuras', array('page' => $page));

Or use PackageRouter, we can ignore package prefix, Package will auto add it:

$package = PackageHelper::getPackage('flower');

// No necessary to add 'flower:'
$package->router->route('sakuras', array('page' => $page));

// If you want to build rote in other package, you can re-add package name

Encode URL in Template

If we print URL in HTML, we must encode some special chars.

// In php engine
// URL: /flower/sakuras?foo=bar&baz=yoo

<?php echo $this->escape(CoreRouter::route('flower@sakuras', ['foo' => 'bar', 'baz' => 'yoo'])); ?>

// OR in Edge / Blade, the {{ ... }} will help us escape URL.

{{ CoreRouter::route('flower@sakuras', ['foo' => 'bar', 'baz' => 'yoo']) }}

The printed URL will be:


Relative or Absolute URL

Router has 3 mode, RAW, PATH or FULL:

echo CoreRouter::route('flower@sakuras', array(), Router::TYPE_RAW);
echo CoreRouter::route('flower@sakuras', array(), Router::TYPE_PATH);
echo CoreRouter::route('flower@sakuras', array(), Router::TYPE_FULL);



The RAW route used to store in database, the PATH route used to print in HTML, the FULL route used to redirect.

Build Routes in Controller

If you are in controller, we can use PackageRouter to build route, this way is more safer because we can auto get current package routes.

// Original way, we have to know package name
use Windwalker\Core\CoreRouter;

$route = CoreRouter::route('flower@sakura');

// Simpler way to let package handle it
$route = $this->package->router->route('sakura');


Build Routes in View Template

View has also includes package router, just build route like this:

<a href="<?php echo $router->route('sakura', ['id' => 25]); ?>">Link</a>

In Blade or Edge

<a href="{{ $router->route('sakura', ['id' => 25]) }}">Link</a>


@route('sakura', ['id' => 25]))

The benefit to use @route() is that this directive will mute the error message, it won't throw exception if route not found, instead, it will echo a javascript:alert('Route ... not found.') in debug mode. And if in production environment, it will only echo a # to make sure system won't break.

In Twig

<a href="{{ router.route('sakura', ['id' => 25]) }}">Link</a>

Use Chaining Methods

After Windwalker 3.2, we provides a powerful route builder, just use chaining methods to configure your route string.

In controller or package:

$this->router->to('sakura', ['id' => 25])->path();

In View template:

{{ $router->to('sakuras')->id(25)->page(2)->full() }}

Available methods:

  • full() --> Get full URL.
  • path() --> Get path from root.
  • raw() --> Get relative path.
  • escape([bool]) --> Escape for HTML printing.
  • id([int]) --> Add id to route query.
  • page([int]) --> Add page to route query.
  • addVar($name, $value) --> Add custom var to route query.
  • getVar($name, $default = null) --> Get a custom var
  • getQueries() --> Get all queries.
  • setQueries($queries) --> Set queries.
  • getRoute() --> Get route name.
  • setRoute($route) --> set a new route name.
  • mute([bool]) --> Don't throw exception if route not found. (Useful in dev period)

If you found a typo or error, please help us improve this document.