What is Package?

Package is the main component of Windwalker's structure. Here is a image that describe the package system:


From above image, we will know there can be multiple packages and its' own MVC system in Windwalker. That makes our application more flexible. For example, we can create a FrontendPackage and an AdminPackage as front-end and back-end respectively. And an ApiPackage to provide RESTful API for mobile APP.

Every package is pretty much a simple application having MVC, routing, configuration and database schema:


Use Package as Extension

Package can be used as extensions for developer. You can create a package and submit it to Packagist. Then anyone can install it by composer.


Create Package

We will use Flower as example package. Create a php class in /src/Flower/FlowerPackage.php:

// /src/Flower/FlowerPackage.php

namespace Flower;

use Windwalker\Core\Package\AbstractPackage;

class FlowerPackage extends AbstractPackage

Then add this package to /src/Windwalker/Web/Application.php, at the loadPackage() method:

// /src/Windwalker/Web/Application.php
use Flower\FlowerPackage;

class Application extends WebApplication
    // ...

    public function loadPackages()
        $packages = Windwalker::loadPackages();

         * Get Packages for This Application
         * -----------------------------------------
         * If you want a package only use in this application or want to override a global package,
         * set it here. Example: $packages[] = new Flower\FlowerPackage;

        // Add package here, the array key is package name, you can customize it.
        $packages['flower'] = new FlowerPackage;

        return $packages;

    // ...

The array key is package name alias, you can customize it. For example, If you use $packages['flower'], then you can use \Windwalker\Core\Package\PackageHelper::getPackage('flower') to get this package object. But if you use

$packages['bar'] = new FlowerPackage;

You will have to get FlowerPackage it by \Windwalker\Core\Package\PackageHelper::getPackage('bar').

Add Package Routing

Create /src/Flower/routing.yml, then add some routes:

## /src/Flower/routing.yml

    pattern: /sakura(/id)
    controller: Sakura

    pattern: /sakuras
    controller: Sakuras

    pattern: /roses
    controller: Roses

Different from the global routing, you don't need to write all controller namespace, just write controller short name, the package will auto find this controller. For example: controller: Sakura will find Flower\Controller\Sakura\{action} to execute.

We have to register this routes to root routing file. Open /etc/routing.yml And add this route profile.

## /etc/routing.yml

    pattern: /flower
    package: flower

The package: flower tells Windwalker to import all Flower package's routes, and all patterns will prefix with: /flower/..., the compiled routes will look like:

    pattern: /flower/sakura(/id)
    controller: Sakura

    pattern: /flower/sakuras
    controller: Sakuras

    pattern: /flower/roses
    controller: Roses

Use browser to open /flower/sakuras, Windwalker will find Flower\Controller\Sakuras\GetController to render page. We can create a controller to match this route:

// src/Flower/Controller/Sakuras/GetController.php

namespace Flower\Controller\Sakuras;

use Windwalker\Core\Controller\Controller;

class GetController extends Controller
    protected function doExecute()
        return 'Output of Sakuras Controller';

About how routing and controller work, please see Routing And Controller section.

Add & Get Packages

Use PackageResolver.

$resolver = $container->get('package.resolver');

$resolver->getPackage('flower'); // Get flower package

$resolver->getPackage(); // Get current package

$resoler->addPackage('alias', $package); // Add new package

Use PackageHelper, this class is a facade of PackageResolver.

use Windwalker\Core\Package\PackageHelper;

PackageHelper::getPackage('flower'); // Get flower package

PackageHelper::getPackage(); // Get current package

PackageHelper::addPackage('alias', $package); // Add new package

You can also get package from Application.

$app = Ioc::getApplication();


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